The history of labor crimes has a relatively large number of publications. They can be divided into two periods. The first covers the Soviet period. Research of that time was distinguished by strict adherence to the legal issues of the application of criminal legislation on labor crimes. The second period consists of modern works, and since 2008 one can notice a rapid increase in the number of studies on the problems of labor offenses in the Soviet state. The quality, depth and scope of work in this area is rapidly increasing. In the work, author covers the historiography of labor crimes committed in the USSR in the 1930s–1950s.