S.E. Nikitina. The formation of the rural Russian population of Yakutia in the communicative space of the Russian state in the Peter’s I epoch // Petersburg historical journal, no. 1, 2023, pp.
The period under review is interesting for the most important large-scale transformations that determined all the further development of the Russian Empire, including remote areas of Siberia and the Far East. By the Peter I Decrees from 1708 and 1719, the administrative registration of the Tobolsk, from 1724 of the Irkutsk Province of the Siberian Province as the Yakut District (1638–1775) took place in the field of management. In the era of Peter I areas of Russian settlement began to take shape around prisons and winter hut of pioneers which consolidated the structure of the Russian state in the northeast. The subsequent formation of boundaries class among the Russian population of Siberia was predetermined by the most important Decrees of Peter I on the poll tax, according to which Siberian peasants were defined as state, state-owned, peasants free from serfdom. In Yakutsk District the Russian population outside Yakutsk not classified as nobility and clergy was a rural peasantry of industrial people (from the word “crafts” to “soft junk” and mammoth bone) and “landed on arable land”. The tasks of creating a transport infrastructure for the outskirt led to the construction of the Irkutsk — Yakutsk tract and the settlement of Russian yamsky peasants there. Peter’s reform created a separate Yakut cossack regiment of 1500 people of the service population. Composed at the beginning of the 18th century a small stratum in the population of the Yakut district, Russian population played a significant role in the development and consolidation of Russian statehood in the “new lands” which was reflected in various forms of the communicative space of the studied period.
Reforms of Peter I, Yakut Uyezd (District), Russian population in Yakutia, communicative space, written sources, Russian settlement in the northeast in the 18th century, D. Laptev’s expedition.
Nikitina, Sargylana Egorovna — Candidate of Historical Sciences, Researcher of Federal Research Center “Yakutsk Scientific Center Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences” (Institute for Humanitarian Studies and problems of the small peoples of the North) FRC “YSC SBofS” (IHRPIPN).