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PHJ No 3 (35) 2022 – M. N. Baryshnikov. Gorchakovs and operations of Russian steam navigation and trading company in Western Mediterranean

The article examines the nature of the emerging relations between the Minister of Foreign Affairs A.M. Gorchakov and his son Mikhail and the Russian steam navigation and trading company in connection with the functioning of the Western Mediterranean shipping lines focused on the development of transport links with the ports of France and Spain. The study allows not only to evaluate the effectiveness of these relations, but also to more fully present the reasons for the company’s reorientation to the Middle East and Persian areas of operations, determined by Russia’s long-term interests in these regions.