Contents of the issue of Petersburg Historical Journal No 3 (35) 2022
The article is devoted to the study of the clergy of the Assumption Tikhvin Monastery in 1623–1633, its structure, number and their dynamics. 1623–1633 was a difficult period of restoration of the monastery after the events of the Time of Troubles and the fire of 1623, which completely destroyed wooden buildings and damaged stone temples. Based on the data of the complex of the monastic Books for Recording of Expenses, the peculiarities of fixing payments to clerics in them are revealed.
The article analyzes the process of formation and subsequent changes in the views of Empress Catherine II and the top leadership of Russia on the “Crimean question” in the 1770s: from the desire to proclaim an independent state in Crimea (1769), through the approval of the actual protectorate of the Russian Empire over the Crimean Khanate (1777) — to the adoption of a strategic course for accession Crimea to Russia in the near future (1779).
The article is devoted to the initial period of the implementation of educational reforms in the Dorpat School District, in which the first rector of the University, professor Georg Friedrich Parrott, was directly involved. The correspondence of Emperor Alexander I and Professor G. F. Parrot, introduced into scientific circulation, allows us to highlight the range of issues that aroused the greatest attention of the Dorpat professor and which required the personal intervention of the emperor.
The article examines the nature of the emerging relations between the Minister of Foreign Affairs A.M. Gorchakov and his son Mikhail and the Russian steam navigation and trading company in connection with the functioning of the Western Mediterranean shipping lines focused on the development of transport links with the ports of France and Spain. The study allows not only to evaluate the effectiveness of these relations, but also to more fully present the reasons for the company’s reorientation to the Middle East and Persian areas of operations, determined by Russia’s long-term interests in these regions.
The article analyzes the works of Belarusian historians devoted to the life history of urban and rural residents of Belarus during the Nazi occupation in 1941–1944. The analysis carried out shows that in the Soviet period, according to the party guidelines, the life of different categories of the population in the occupied territory was considered in Soviet historical literature as a daily battle with the enemy. A characteristic feature of the Belarusian period was the development of new directions in the study of the problem, detailed coverage of various aspects of the occupation regime, the consideration of which in Soviet historiography was determined by brevity.
During the war, the desire of the Leningrad City Court of Arbitration to extend the scope of its competence, in spite of the reluctant and negative attitude of the local executive authorities, was partly fulfilled in the practice of its activities. As a result, the Leningrad State Arbitration acquired the features of an administrative body, a managerial body.
The history of labor crimes has a relatively large number of publications. They can be divided into two periods. The first covers the Soviet period. Research of that time was distinguished by strict adherence to the legal issues of the application of criminal legislation on labor crimes. The second period consists of modern works, and since 2008 one can notice a rapid increase in the number of studies on the problems of labor offenses in the Soviet state. The quality, depth and scope of work in this area is rapidly increasing. In the work, author covers the historiography of labor crimes committed in the USSR in the 1930s–1950s.
The U. S. Constitution, which is still in force, was created by the Constitutional Convention, working behind closed doors in Philadelphia, May — September 1787. That time Philadelphia was the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, but not of the U. S., whereas Continental Congress was working in New York City. The article deals with a question: how the events taking place in Pennsylvania could influence the constitutional process of the U. S.? Author demonstrates that the political development of both U. S., and Pennsylvania had the same trend. In Pennsylvania the State Constitution of 1776 was in force, and there was a struggle for its remodeling, approaching success in the year 1790.
After World War II Finland started to promote actively the idea of its neutrality. In this way the Finnish political class tried to enhance its profile on the international arena and distance itself from the military clauses of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual assistance signed by the USSR and Finland on April 6, 1948. The article examines the history of Soviet attitudes towards Finland’s desire to position itself as a neutral country.